Cold sores are painful blisters that form inside the mouth. It can also sometimes form on or near the lips. It is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV1).Cold sores are painful blisters that form inside the mouth. It can also sometimes form on or near the lips. It is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV1).
Cold sores are caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) which comes in two forms. The first type is HSV1 and is the cause of most cases of cold sores. The second type is HSV2 which usually affects the genital area and leads to genital herpes. Cross-infection of these two types is possible due to oral or genital sexual practices.
The HSV spreads easily from one person to another. Sharing a fork, lip balm, coffee mug, straw, etc. can easily infect a person without the virus. Transmission may also occur when the infected person touches the sores and has held on to other objects touched by other people.
It is possible that the first infection does not show any symptoms, but it could be triggered at a later time. The symptoms may differ depending on whether it is the patient's first time, but it may include the following:
The doctor can do a swab test to confirm the presence of a cold sore. However, the appearance of the lesions is enough for the doctor to diagnose it.
Cold sores usually get better over the course of one to one and a half week. Painkillers or topical gels may be used to relieve the pain and discomfort. Some oral antiviral medication or antiviral creams may be prescribed to alleviate the symptoms.
Unfortunately, the HSV1 stays in your body once you have been infected. It can either remain dormant, or it could be triggered.